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Table 2 Distribution of radiographic lesions according to location and type of alteration

From: Chronic osteo-articular changes in patients with sickle cell disease

Radiographic Changes N %
Location of lesions
 Spine 74 52.8
 Proximal femur/hip 23 16.4
 Shoulders/humerus 10 7.1
 Skull 7 5.0
 Hands and wrists 4 2.8
 Othera 22 15.7
 Total 140 100.0
Types of alterations
 Osteonecrosis 77 55.0
 Osteoarthritis 30 21.4
 Other SCD-related changesb 17 12.2
 Non-specific changesc 16 11.4
 Total 140 100.0
  1. Othera: tibia, fibula, knees, distal femur, ulna, ankle, and feet
  2. Other changes related to SCD b: thickening of the diploe, sequelae of osteomyelitis, pyogenic arthritis, dactylitis, and discitis, consolidated fractures
  3. Non-specific changes c: Non-specific lytic lesions, flexion deformity, clinodactyly, tendinopathy, kyphosis, scoliosis, transition vertebra, omovertebral bone, trigone bone, and equine foot