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Table 3 Dietary Inflammatory Index according to the characteristics of the participants

From: Lack of association between dietary inflammatory index and low impact fractures in the Brazilian population: the Brazilian Osteoporosis Study (BRAZOS)

Characteristics DII (n = 2269)
Total (n = 2269) Males (n = 684) Females (n = 1585)
Mean SD P value Mean SD P value Mean SD P value
Gender    0.01     
 Males 1.12 1.04      
 Females 1.24 0.99      
Age group    0.006    0.009    0.34
 40–50 years 1.25 0.98   1.17 1.00   1.29 0.96  
 51–60 years 1.07 1.06   0.93 1.03   1.14 1.07  
 61–70 years 1.19 0.98   1.08 1.05   1.23 0.96  
 ≥ 71 years 1.26 1.01   1.24 1.08   1.28 0.98  
BMI (kg/m2)    0.45    0.74    0.4
 Underweight (< 18.5) 1.17 1.03   0.87 1.37   1.32 0.81  
 Normal weight (18.5–25) 1.17 1.01   1.12 1.05   1.19 1.00  
 Overweight (25–30) 1.25 0.99   1.17 1.04   1.30 0.96  
 Obesity (≥30) 1.20 1.00   1.12 0.95   1.24 1.01  
Race    0.08    0.52    0.08
 White 1.17 0.97   1.10 0.99   1.20 0.96  
 Non-white 1.24 1.03   1.13 1.08   1.28 1.01  
Geographic region    0.001    0.006    0.01
 South 1.12 1.03   1.16 1.12   1.10 0.99  
 Southeast 1.19 0.96   1.11 1.05   1.23 0.92  
 Central-West 1.11 0.96   0.84 1.00   1.23 0.92  
 North 1.27 1.10   1.29 0.95   1.40 0.97  
 Northeast 1.36 0.96   1.19 1.02   1.30 1.12  
Area    0.72    0.23    0.2
 Metropolitan 1.17 1.03   1.07 1.03   1.21 1.02  
 Interior 1.24 0.98   1.16 1.05   1.28 0.95  
Social classa    0.001    0.005    0.02
 AB 1.06 1.00   0.81 1.13   1.20 0.89  
 C 1.18 1.00   1.17 1.00   1.18 1.00  
 DE 1.26 1.00   1.18 1.03   1.29 0.99  
Alcohol consumption    0.81    0.2    0.12
 Yes 1.20 1.01   1.08 1.01   1.31 0.99  
 No 1.21 1.00   1.15 1.06   1.23 0.98  
Smoking status    0.89    0.86    0.94
 Current smoker 1.22 0.96   1.12 1.03   1.28 0.91  
 Past 1.19 1.01   1.09 1.05   1.25 0.99  
 Never 1.21 1.01   1.15 1.05   1.23 1.00  
Marital status    0.1    0.48    0.25
 Single 1.26 1.03   1.12 1.18   1.31 0.96  
 Married 1.17 1.02   1.12 1.01   1.21 1.02  
 Widowed 1.29 0.95   1.26 1.05   1.29 0.94  
 Divorced 1.13 1.15   1.16 1.29   1.11 1.10  
  1. SD Standard deviation, BMI Body mass index
  2. aClasses A and B (earning 15 times more than minimum wage), C (3 to 5 times minimum wage), and D and E (1 to 3 times minimum wage)