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Table 6 Pairwise comparisons of clinical outcome measures between groups by Bonferroni test (post hoc)

From: The effect of rehabilitation protocol using mobile health in overweight and obese patients with knee osteoarthritis: a clinical trial

Variables Comparison between Groups Mean difference (95% CI for difference) p
WOMAC pain score (0–20) RGw-mHealth and RGwo-mHealth − 1.07 (− 2.02, − 0.11) 0.022
RGwo-mHealth and CG 1.10 (0.18, 2.02) 0.013
RGw-mHealth and CG 2.17 (1.22, 3.12) < 0.001
TUG test score (seconds) RGw-mHealth and RGwo-mHealth − 1.30 (− 1.96, − 0.64) < 0.001
RGwo-mHealth and CG 1.04 (0.41, 1.67) < 0.001
RGw-mHealth and CG 2.34 (1.69, 3.00) < 0.001
Katz ADL score (0–6) RGw-mHealth and RGwo-mHealth 0.62 (0.23, 1.01) 0.001
RGwo-mHealth and CG − 0.32 (− 0.71, 0.06) 0.127
RGw-mHealth and CG − 0.94 (− 1.33, − 0.56) < 0.001
PSFS (0–10) RGw-mHealth and RGwo-mHealth 1.65 (1.35, 1.94) < 0.001
RGwo-mHealth and CG − 0.94 (− 1.24, − 0.65) < 0.001
RGw-mHealth and CG − 2.59 (− 2.89, − 2.30) < 0.001
  1. RGw-mHealth, rehabilitation group with mobile health; RGwo-mHealth, rehabilitation group without mobile health; CG, control group; WOMAC, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index; SD, standard deviation; TUG, timed up and go; ADL, activities of daily living; PSFS, patient specific functional scale; CI, confidence interval; N, number