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Table 5 Unadjusted and adjusted mean change in clinical outcome measures from baseline at 3-months

From: The effect of rehabilitation protocol using mobile health in overweight and obese patients with knee osteoarthritis: a clinical trial

Change in outcome measures RGwo-mHealth (n = 32) Mean (95% CI) RGw-mHealth (n = 32) Mean (95% CI) CG (n = 32) Mean (95% CI) p
∆ WOMAC pain (0–20)
Unadjusted 1.35 (0.45, 2.25) 2.75 (2.43, 3.06) 0.28 (0.01, 0.54) < 0.001
Adjusted 1.47 (0.93, 2.01) 2.54 (1.99, 3.09) 0.37 (− 0.16, 0.90) < 0.001
∆ TUG score (seconds)
Unadjusted 1.14 (0.86, 1.43) 2.98 (2.29, 3.68) 0.14 (− 0.02, 0.32) < 0.001
Adjusted 1.34 (0.97, 1.70) 2.64 (2.26, 3.02) 0.29 (− 0.06, 0.65) < 0.001
∆ Katz ADL score (0–6)
Unadjusted − 0.46 (− 0.75, − 0.17) − 1.25 (− 1.65, − 0.84) − 0.12 (− 0.32, 0.07) < 0.001
Adjusted − 0.51 (− 0.73, − 0.29) − 1.13 (− 1.36, − 0.91) − 0.12 (0.41, 0.03) < 0.001
∆ PSFS (0–10)     
Unadjusted − 1.00 (− 1.18, − 0.82) − 2.65 (− 2.88, − 2.43) − 0.05 (− 0.14, 0.02) < 0.001
Adjusted − 1.00 (− 1.17, − 0.83) − 2.65 (− 2.82, − 2.48) − 0.06 (− 0.22, 0.10) < 0.001
  1. RGw-mHealth, rehabilitation group with mobile health; RGwo-mHealth, rehabilitation group without mobile health; CG, control group; WOMAC, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index; SD, standard deviation; TUG, timed up and go; ADL, activities of daily living; PSFS, patient specific functional scale; CI, confidence interval; n, number