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Table 4 Change in clinical outcome variables from baseline at 3-months within groups\

From: The effect of rehabilitation protocol using mobile health in overweight and obese patients with knee osteoarthritis: a clinical trial

Variables Group Baseline, mean (SD) 3-months, Mean (SD) Mean change (95% CI) p
WOMAC pain score (0–20) RGwo-mHealth 9.03 (2.33) 7.67 (2.36) 1.35 (0.45, 2.25) 0.004
RG-mHealth 10.65 (2.58) 7.90 (2.42) 2.75 (2.43, 3.06) < 0.001
CG 9.15 (2.70) 8.87 (2.80) 0.28 (0.01, 0.54) 0.037
TUG score (seconds) RGwo-mHealth 10.72 (2.05) 9.58 (2.03) 1.14 (0.86, 1.43) < 0.001
RG-mHealth 12.78 (3.47) 9.79 (2.39) 3.68 (2.98, 2.29) < 0.001
CG 10.90 (2.27) 10.75 (2.23) 0.14 (− 0.02, 0.32) 0.100
Katz ADL score (0–6) RGwo-mHealth 4.18 (0.93) 4.65 (0.78) − 0.46 (− 0.75, − 0.17) 0.002
RG-mHealth 3.90 (1.42) 5.15 (0.88) − 1.25 (− 1.65, − 0.84) < 0.001
CG 4.21 (0.65) 4.34 (0.65) − 0.12 (− 0.32, 0.07) 0.211
PS FS (0–10) RGwo-mHealth 4.61 (0.90) 5.62 (1.15) − 1.00 (− 1.18, − 0.82) < 0.001
RG-mHealth 4.55 (1.21) 7.21 (1.10) − 2.65 (− 2.88, − 2.43) < 0.001
CG 4.59 (1.38) 4.65 (1.39) − 0.05 (− 0.14, 0.02) 0.173
  1. RGw-mHealth, rehabilitation group with mobile health; RGwo-mHealth, rehabilitation group without mobile health; CG, control group; WOMAC, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index; SD, standard deviation; TUG, timed up and go test; ADL, activities of daily living; PSFS, patient specific functional scale; CI, confidence interval; n, number