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Table 2 DISCERN Instrument Ratings and HONcode Search

From: The quality of online consumer health information at the intersection of complementary and alternative medicine and arthritis

Section SECTION 1 Is the publication reliable? SECTION 2 How good is the quality of information on treatment choices? SECTION 3 Overall Rating of the Publication   HONcode Search
DISCERN Question 1. Are the aims clear? 2. Does it achieve its aims? 3. Is it relevant? 4. Is it clear what sources of information were used to compile the publication (other than the author or producer)? 5. Is it clear when the information used or reported in the publication was produced? 6. Is it balanced and unbiased? 7. Does it provide details of additional sources of support and information? 8. Does it refer to areas of uncertainty? 9. Does it describe how each treatment works? 10.Does it describe the benefits of each treatment? 11. Does it describe the risks of each treatment? 12. Does it describe what would happen if no treatment is used? 13. Does it describe how the treatment choices affect overall quality of life? 14. Is it clear that there may be more than one possible treatment choice? 15. Does it provide support for shared decision-making? 16. Based on the answers to all of the above questions, rate the overall quality of the publication as a source of information about treatment choices Standard Deviation of Overall Score (Q16) DISCERN Score (Sum of Q1-Q15) Is it certified by HONcode (yes/no)
Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/ 5.00 4.50 4.50 4.00 5.00 5.00 4.50 5.00 4.00 5.00 3.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.64 0.05 69.50 Yes
UpToDate https://www.uptodate.com/ 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.00 4.50 4.00 2.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.64 0.05 69.50 Yes
Medical News Today https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/ 4.50 5.00 4.50 4.50 5.00 4.00 4.50 5.00 4.00 5.00 2.50 5.00 4.00 5.00 5.00 4.50 0.14 67.50 Yes
Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center https://www.hopkinsarthritis.org/ 5.00 5.00 4.50 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 3.00 4.50 3.00 2.50 5.00 5.00 4.50 4.47 0.00 67.00 No
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health https://www.nccih.nih.gov/ 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.00 5.00 5.00 4.50 5.00 3.00 5.00 4.50 4.00 2.00 5.00 5.00 4.47 0.09 67.00 No
St. Luke’s Hospital https://www.stlukes-stl.com/ 3.00 5.00 5.00 4.00 5.00 5.00 4.50 5.00 3.00 4.50 3.50 3.50 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.43 0.14 66.00 No
WebMD https://www.webmd.com/ 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.00 4.00 5.00 4.50 5.00 3.00 4.50 3.00 5.00 2.50 5.00 5.00 4.37 0.05 65.50 Yes
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health University of Wisconsin https://www.fammed.wisc.edu/ 4.50 5.00 5.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 3.50 5.00 3.50 5.00 4.50 5.00 2.50 5.00 5.00 4.37 0.05 65.50 No
Arthritis Health https://www.arthritis-health.com/ 4.50 4.50 4.50 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.00 4.50 3.00 1.00 3.50 5.00 5.00 4.30 0.14 64.50 Yes
Everyday Health https://www.everydayhealth.com/ 4.50 5.00 4.50 3.00 4.00 3.00 2.50 5.00 3.50 5.00 3.00 5.00 4.00 5.00 5.00 4.14 0.09 62.00 Yes
Healthline https://www.healthline.com/ 4.50 5.00 4.50 4.00 4.50 4.00 5.00 5.00 2.50 5.00 3.50 1.50 2.50 5.00 5.00 4.10 0.04 61.50 Yes
Practical Pain Management https://www.practicalpainmanagement.com/ 4.50 5.00 4.00 4.00 4.50 3.50 4.00 5.00 3.50 5.00 2.00 2.50 4.00 5.00 5.00 4.10 0.24 61.50 Yes
Spine Universe https://www.spineuniverse.com/ 4.50 4.00 4.50 2.50 3.50 3.50 3.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 3.50 5.00 4.50 5.00 5.00 4.03 0.14 60.50 Yes
National Health Service United Kingdom https://www.nhs.uk/ 4.50 4.00 4.00 3.50 5.00 2.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.00 2.00 1.00 5.00 5.00 4.10 0.14 60.00 No
Arthritis Society https://arthritis.ca/ 5.00 5.00 5.00 2.00 1.50 3.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.00 3.00 5.00 3.00 5.00 5.00 3.97 0.05 59.50 No
The Chalkboard Mag https://thechalkboardmag.com/ 5.00 5.00 4.50 4.50 4.00 2.50 5.00 1.50 3.50 4.50 1.50 3.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 3.97 0.05 59.50 No
Arthritis Foundation https://www.arthritis.org/ 5.00 5.00 4.50 3.00 2.5.00 3.00 2.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 3.50 1.00 4.50 5.00 5.00 3.87 0.09 58.00 No
BMI Healthcare https://www.bmihealthcare.co.uk/ 4.00 4.00 3.50 4.50 2.00 3.00 5.00 1.50 3.50 5.00 1.50 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 3.84 0.05 57.50 No
Versus Arthritis https://www.versusarthritis.org/ 4.50 5.00 5.00 1.50 2.00 4.00 3.00 4.50 4.00 4.50 4.00 2.00 3.00 5.00 5.00 3.80 0.00 57.00 No
Nursing Times https://www.nursingtimes.net/ 5.00 5.00 4.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 1.50 5.00 1.00 3.50 3.50 2.00 1.50 4.50 5.00 3.77 0.14 56.50 No
Arthritis Australia https://arthritisaustralia.com.au/ 5.00 4.00 4.00 3.00 3.00 2.50 5.00 5.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 1.00 1.50 5.00 5.00 3.74 0.09 56.00 Yes
Praana https://praanaim.com/ 4.00 4.00 4.50 4.00 3.00 2.00 5.00 4.50 1.50 3.00 1.50 5.00 5.00 4.00 5.00 3.74 0.09 56.00 No
Arthritis South Australia https://arthritissa.org.au/ 5.00 3.50 4.00 1.00 2.00 2.50 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 1.00 1.50 5.00 5.00 3.70 0.04 55.50 No
Health https://www.health.com/ 5.00 4.50 3.50 1.00 2.50 2.50 1.00 5.00 3.00 5.00 2.00 2.00 4.50 5.00 5.00 3.44 0.05 51.50 No
Markham Integrative Medicine https://integrative-medicine.ca/ 3.50 3.00 3.00 1.50 1.00 2.50 5.00 5.00 3.50 4.00 3.50 3.00 4.00 4.00 5.00 3.44 0.23 51.50 No
American College of Rheumatology https://www.rheumatology.org/ 4.50 3.00 3.00 1.00 2.50 3.00 5.00 5.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 1.00 3.00 5.00 5.00 3.37 0.05 50.50 No
HealthLink British Columbia https://www.healthlinkbc.ca/ 4.50 3.00 4.00 1.00 2.50 4.00 2.00 5.00 2.00 3.50 2.50 3.00 3.00 5.00 5.00 3.34 0.19 50.00 No
University of Wisconsin-Madison Health https://www.uwhealth.org/ 5.00 3.50 4.00 1.00 2.50 4.00 1.00 5.00 2.00 3.50 2.50 3.00 3.00 5.00 5.00 3.34 0.19 50.00 No
Creaky Joints https://creakyjoints.org 4.50 3.00 4.00 1.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 5.00 3.50 4.00 3.50 2.00 2.50 5.00 5.00 3.27 0.19 49.00 No
Consumer Reports https://www.consumerreports.org/cro/index.htm 5.00 2.50 3.00 3.00 3.00 2.00 4.00 5.00 2.50 4.00 2.50 1.00 1.00 5.00 5.00 3.30 0.04 48.50 No
Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges https://aanmc.org/ 5.00 3.00 5.00 3.00 2.50 2.50 4.00 1.00 4.00 5.00 1.50 1.00 2.50 5.00 2.50 3.17 0.05 47.50 No
Integrative Medicine Center of Western Colorado https://imcwc.com/ 5.00 3.50 3.50 1.00 1.00 1.00 2.00 5.00 3.50 4.50 2.00 3.00 2.00 5.00 4.50 3.10 0.14 46.50 No
Philadelphia Integrative Medicine https://philly-im.com/ 4.50 2.00 2.50 1.50 4.00 2.50 4.00 5.00 2.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 3.00 5.00 2.50 2.97 0.05 44.50 No
Zanjabee http://www.zanjabee.com/ 4.00 3.50 4.00 1.00 1.00 2.00 1.50 1.50 4.00 4.50 1.00 4.00 3.00 5.00 4.00 2.94 0.19 44.00 No
Center for Holistic Medicine http://holistic-medicine.com/ 4.00 3.50 3.50 1.00 2.50 2.00 4.00 1.50 4.00 4.50 1.00 3.00 1.00 5.00 3.00 2.90 0.04 43.50 No
Integrated Medical Solutions of Knoxville https://www.integratedmedicalsolutionsknox.com/ 3.50 3.00 3.50 1.00 1.00 3.00 1.50 1.00 3.00 5.00 1.00 4.00 1.50 5.00 3.00 2.67 0.19 40.00 No
Dr. Weil https://www.drweil.com/ 4.50 3.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 3.00 3.00 1.00 2.00 2.50 1.00 5.00 1.50 5.00 1.50 2.53 0.00 38.00 No
Robert Schad Naturopathic Clinic https://rsnc.ca/ 3.00 3.50 2.50 1.00 1.00 1.50 1.00 1.00 2.00 3.50 1.00 1.00 4.00 4.00 2.00 2.14 0.09 32.00 No
TOTAL Means 4.53 4.08 4.09 2.76 3.12 3.26 3.62 4.08 3.30 4.38 2.78 2.92 3.16 4.91 4.54 3.71 0.10 55.53  
TOTAL Standard Deviations 0.56 0.90 0.73 1.51 1.47 1.16 1.39 1.54 0.97 0.72 1.13 1.54 1.33 0.28 0.98 0.63 0.07 9.37