Skip to main content

Table 1 General Characteristics of Eligible Websites

From: The quality of online consumer health information at the intersection of complementary and alternative medicine and arthritis

Website Name URL Website Category Types of Arthritis Discussed Types of CAM Discussed Types of Non-CAM Therapies Discussed Appeared in More than One Search?
Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges Professional Osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout Diet, exercise, tai chi, supplements, herbs, chiropractic, hydrotherapy, body work Pharmaceuticals, steroid injections, surgery Yes
American College of Rheumatology Non-Profit Multiple types Herbs, supplements, acupuncture Pharmaceuticals Yes
Arthritis Australia Non-Profit Multiple types Acupuncture, massage, aromatherapy, vitamins, supplements, herbs Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Arthritis Foundation Non-Profit Multiple types Supplements, vitamins, acupuncture, massage, tai chi, yoga, weight loss, physical therapy, topical gels, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, relaxation therapy, energy healing Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Arthritis Health Health Portal Ankylosing spondylitis, bursitis, fibromyalgia, general arthritis, gout, juvenile arthritis, osteoarthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica, pseudogout, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis Heat/cold, acupuncture, reiki healing, supplements, manual therapies, tai chi, yoga, massage, nutrition Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Arthritis Society Non-Profit Osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis, general arthritis Heat/cold, visualization, relaxation, massage, acupuncture, meditation/mindfulness, chiropractic, herbs, supplements Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Arthritis South Australia Non-Profit Ankylosing spondylitis, fibromyalgia, gout, haemochromatotic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, osteoarthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, epidemic polyarthritis, scleroderma, sjögren’s syndrome, spondyloarthritis, Acupuncture, massage, aromatherapy, vitamins, herbs, minerals Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
BMI Healthcare Professional Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, general arthritis Acupuncture, aromatherapy, massage, reflexology, yoga Pharmaceuticals, surgery No
Center for Holistic Medicine Professional Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis Hot/cold, diet, spinal decompression therapy, naprapathy, lasers, acupuncture Pharmaceuticals Yes
The Chalkboard Mag News Rheumatoid arthritis Diet, herbs, meditation, yoga, mindfulness Pharmaceuticals No
Consumer Reports Non-Profit Osteoarthritis, general arthritis Yoga, tai chi, supplements, acupuncture, massage, chiropractic, homeopathy, exercise, weight loss No Yes
Creaky Joints Other Multiple types Tai chi, acupuncture, yoga, exercise, massage, magnets, relaxation therapy, hydrotherapy, herbs, supplements, manipulation, chiropractic, weight management, physical therapy Pharmaceuticals Yes
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health University of Wisconsin Professional Osteoarthritis Exercise, mind-body therapies, acupuncture, diet, supplements, massage Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Dr. Weil Other Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, general arthritis Exercise, relaxation techniques, hypnotherapy, diet, supplements Pharmaceuticals No
Everyday Health News Multiple types Herbs, spices, supplements, acupuncture Pharmaceuticals Yes
Health News Multiple types Exercise, physical therapy, mind-body therapies, counselling, supplements, hot/cold, acupuncture, massage Pharmaceuticals No
Healthline Health Portal Multiple types Herbs, massage, heat/ice, exercise, tai chi, yoga, bath & soaking therapies, stress management/mind-body medicine (biofeedback & meditation), diet, vitamin supplements, acupuncture, supportive shoes, weight management, magnets Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
HealthLink British Columbia Government General arthritis Supplements, vitamins, acupuncture, massage, topicals, tai chi, yoga Pharmaceuticals, assistive devices No
Integrative Medicine Center of Western Colorado Professional General arthritis Herbs, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, oils Pharmaceuticals Yes
Integrated Medical Solutions of Knoxville Professional General arthritis Exercise, chiropractic, diet, supplements, acupuncture Injections Yes
Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center Professional Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, gout, osteoarthritis Supplements, diet, acupuncture, magnets, hydrotherapy, homeopathy, tai chi, yoga, mind-body therapy, energy medicine Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Markham Integrative Medicine Other Rheumatoid arthritis Diet, supplements, herbs, sauna therapy No Yes
Mayo Clinic Professional Ankylosing spondylitis, gout, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, thumb arthritis Acupuncture, supplements, yoga, tai chi, massage, heat/cold Pharmaceuticals, surgery, assistive devices Yes
Medical News Today News General arthritis Aquatic exercise, tai chi, yoga, hot/cold therapy, mindfulness meditation, massage, supplements, diet, herbs Pharmaceuticals Yes
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health Government Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout Mind-body practices, supplements, herbs, acupuncture, massage, tai chi, yoga, relaxation therapies, diet No Yes
National Health Service United Kingdom Government Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, cervical spondylosis, fibromyalgia, gout, psoriatic arthritis, enteropathic arthritis, reactive arthritis, secondary arthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica, juvenile idiopathic arthritis Diet, supplements, acupuncture, massage, chiropractic, osteopathy Pharmaceuticals, injections, surgery Yes
Nursing Times News Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis Acupuncture, homeopathy, herbs, osteopathy Pharmaceuticals Yes
Philadelphia Integrative Medicine Professional Rheumatoid arthritis Mind-body techniques, nutrition, acupuncture, supplements, exercise, eliminating toxins Pharmaceuticals Yes
Praana Commercial Rheumatoid arthritis Vitamins, exercise, diet, supplements, mind-body approach Pharmaceuticals Yes
Practical Pain Management Health Portal Fibromyalgia, inflammatory arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, osteoarthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica Yoga, massage, dietary supplements, acupuncture, balneotherapy, mind-body therapies, chiropractic, relaxation techniques, prayer, naturopathy Pharmaceuticals, injections, monitoring with lab tests Yes
Robert Schad Naturopathic Clinic Professional Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis Nutrition, supplements, herbs, traditional Chinese medicine, homeopathic medicine, physical medicine No No
Spine Universe Health Portal Rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, fibromyalgia, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, osteoarthritis Acupuncture, herbs, massage, relaxation, mind-body therapies Pharmaceuticals Yes
St. Luke’s Hospital Professional Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, fibromyalgia, scleroderma, Supplements, herbs, acupuncture, chiropractic, physical therapy, hydrotherapy, homeopathy, yoga, tai chi, exercise Pharmaceuticals, surgery, braces, splints No
Up To Date Health Portal Inflammatory and non-inflammatory arthritis Acupuncture, mind-body techniques, exercise, diet, supplements, herbs, vitamins, homeopathy, magnets, mind-body therapies Pharmaceuticals Yes
University of Wisconsin-Madison Health Professional General arthritis Supplements, vitamins, acupuncture, massage, topicals, tai chi, yoga Pharmaceuticals, assistive devices, surgery No
Versus Arthritis Non-Profit Osteoarthritis, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis Diet, exercise, meditation, psychological exercises, acupuncture, yoga, body techniques, herbals Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
WebMD Health Portal Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, infectious arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, bone spurs, gout, systemic lupus Heat/cold, magnets, acupuncture, aromatherapy, biofeedback, deep breathing, exercise, massage, meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, tai chi, herbals, topical creams, gels, patches, visualization, yoga, supplements, chiropractic Pharmaceuticals, injections, surgery Yes
Zanjabee Professional Osteoarthritis Diet, exercise, relaxation techniques, heat/cold, acupuncture, massage, supplements, herbs, Ayurveda Pharmaceuticals, injections, joint replacement/surgery No