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Table 1 General Characteristics of Eligible Websites

From: The quality of online consumer health information at the intersection of complementary and alternative medicine and arthritis

Website Name URL Website Category Types of Arthritis Discussed Types of CAM Discussed Types of Non-CAM Therapies Discussed Appeared in More than One Search?
Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges https://aanmc.org/ Professional Osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout Diet, exercise, tai chi, supplements, herbs, chiropractic, hydrotherapy, body work Pharmaceuticals, steroid injections, surgery Yes
American College of Rheumatology https://www.rheumatology.org/ Non-Profit Multiple types Herbs, supplements, acupuncture Pharmaceuticals Yes
Arthritis Australia https://arthritisaustralia.com.au/ Non-Profit Multiple types Acupuncture, massage, aromatherapy, vitamins, supplements, herbs Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Arthritis Foundation https://www.arthritis.org/ Non-Profit Multiple types Supplements, vitamins, acupuncture, massage, tai chi, yoga, weight loss, physical therapy, topical gels, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, relaxation therapy, energy healing Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Arthritis Health https://www.arthritis-health.com/ Health Portal Ankylosing spondylitis, bursitis, fibromyalgia, general arthritis, gout, juvenile arthritis, osteoarthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica, pseudogout, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis Heat/cold, acupuncture, reiki healing, supplements, manual therapies, tai chi, yoga, massage, nutrition Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Arthritis Society https://arthritis.ca/ Non-Profit Osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis, general arthritis Heat/cold, visualization, relaxation, massage, acupuncture, meditation/mindfulness, chiropractic, herbs, supplements Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Arthritis South Australia https://arthritissa.org.au/ Non-Profit Ankylosing spondylitis, fibromyalgia, gout, haemochromatotic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, osteoarthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, epidemic polyarthritis, scleroderma, sjögren’s syndrome, spondyloarthritis, Acupuncture, massage, aromatherapy, vitamins, herbs, minerals Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
BMI Healthcare https://www.bmihealthcare.co.uk/ Professional Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, general arthritis Acupuncture, aromatherapy, massage, reflexology, yoga Pharmaceuticals, surgery No
Center for Holistic Medicine http://holistic-medicine.com/ Professional Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis Hot/cold, diet, spinal decompression therapy, naprapathy, lasers, acupuncture Pharmaceuticals Yes
The Chalkboard Mag https://thechalkboardmag.com/ News Rheumatoid arthritis Diet, herbs, meditation, yoga, mindfulness Pharmaceuticals No
Consumer Reports https://www.consumerreports.org/cro/index.htm Non-Profit Osteoarthritis, general arthritis Yoga, tai chi, supplements, acupuncture, massage, chiropractic, homeopathy, exercise, weight loss No Yes
Creaky Joints https://creakyjoints.org Other Multiple types Tai chi, acupuncture, yoga, exercise, massage, magnets, relaxation therapy, hydrotherapy, herbs, supplements, manipulation, chiropractic, weight management, physical therapy Pharmaceuticals Yes
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health University of Wisconsin https://www.fammed.wisc.edu/ Professional Osteoarthritis Exercise, mind-body therapies, acupuncture, diet, supplements, massage Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Dr. Weil https://www.drweil.com/ Other Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, general arthritis Exercise, relaxation techniques, hypnotherapy, diet, supplements Pharmaceuticals No
Everyday Health https://www.everydayhealth.com/ News Multiple types Herbs, spices, supplements, acupuncture Pharmaceuticals Yes
Health https://www.health.com/ News Multiple types Exercise, physical therapy, mind-body therapies, counselling, supplements, hot/cold, acupuncture, massage Pharmaceuticals No
Healthline https://www.healthline.com/ Health Portal Multiple types Herbs, massage, heat/ice, exercise, tai chi, yoga, bath & soaking therapies, stress management/mind-body medicine (biofeedback & meditation), diet, vitamin supplements, acupuncture, supportive shoes, weight management, magnets Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
HealthLink British Columbia https://www.healthlinkbc.ca/ Government General arthritis Supplements, vitamins, acupuncture, massage, topicals, tai chi, yoga Pharmaceuticals, assistive devices No
Integrative Medicine Center of Western Colorado https://imcwc.com/ Professional General arthritis Herbs, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, oils Pharmaceuticals Yes
Integrated Medical Solutions of Knoxville https://www.integratedmedicalsolutionsknox.com/ Professional General arthritis Exercise, chiropractic, diet, supplements, acupuncture Injections Yes
Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center https://www.hopkinsarthritis.org/ Professional Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, gout, osteoarthritis Supplements, diet, acupuncture, magnets, hydrotherapy, homeopathy, tai chi, yoga, mind-body therapy, energy medicine Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
Markham Integrative Medicine https://integrative-medicine.ca/ Other Rheumatoid arthritis Diet, supplements, herbs, sauna therapy No Yes
Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/ Professional Ankylosing spondylitis, gout, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, thumb arthritis Acupuncture, supplements, yoga, tai chi, massage, heat/cold Pharmaceuticals, surgery, assistive devices Yes
Medical News Today https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/ News General arthritis Aquatic exercise, tai chi, yoga, hot/cold therapy, mindfulness meditation, massage, supplements, diet, herbs Pharmaceuticals Yes
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health https://www.nccih.nih.gov/ Government Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout Mind-body practices, supplements, herbs, acupuncture, massage, tai chi, yoga, relaxation therapies, diet No Yes
National Health Service United Kingdom https://www.nhs.uk/ Government Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, cervical spondylosis, fibromyalgia, gout, psoriatic arthritis, enteropathic arthritis, reactive arthritis, secondary arthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica, juvenile idiopathic arthritis Diet, supplements, acupuncture, massage, chiropractic, osteopathy Pharmaceuticals, injections, surgery Yes
Nursing Times https://www.nursingtimes.net/ News Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis Acupuncture, homeopathy, herbs, osteopathy Pharmaceuticals Yes
Philadelphia Integrative Medicine https://philly-im.com/ Professional Rheumatoid arthritis Mind-body techniques, nutrition, acupuncture, supplements, exercise, eliminating toxins Pharmaceuticals Yes
Praana https://praanaim.com/ Commercial Rheumatoid arthritis Vitamins, exercise, diet, supplements, mind-body approach Pharmaceuticals Yes
Practical Pain Management https://www.practicalpainmanagement.com/ Health Portal Fibromyalgia, inflammatory arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, osteoarthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica Yoga, massage, dietary supplements, acupuncture, balneotherapy, mind-body therapies, chiropractic, relaxation techniques, prayer, naturopathy Pharmaceuticals, injections, monitoring with lab tests Yes
Robert Schad Naturopathic Clinic https://rsnc.ca/ Professional Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis Nutrition, supplements, herbs, traditional Chinese medicine, homeopathic medicine, physical medicine No No
Spine Universe https://www.spineuniverse.com/ Health Portal Rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, fibromyalgia, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, osteoarthritis Acupuncture, herbs, massage, relaxation, mind-body therapies Pharmaceuticals Yes
St. Luke’s Hospital https://www.stlukes-stl.com/ Professional Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, fibromyalgia, scleroderma, Supplements, herbs, acupuncture, chiropractic, physical therapy, hydrotherapy, homeopathy, yoga, tai chi, exercise Pharmaceuticals, surgery, braces, splints No
Up To Date https://www.uptodate.com/ Health Portal Inflammatory and non-inflammatory arthritis Acupuncture, mind-body techniques, exercise, diet, supplements, herbs, vitamins, homeopathy, magnets, mind-body therapies Pharmaceuticals Yes
University of Wisconsin-Madison Health https://www.uwhealth.org/ Professional General arthritis Supplements, vitamins, acupuncture, massage, topicals, tai chi, yoga Pharmaceuticals, assistive devices, surgery No
Versus Arthritis https://www.versusarthritis.org/ Non-Profit Osteoarthritis, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis Diet, exercise, meditation, psychological exercises, acupuncture, yoga, body techniques, herbals Pharmaceuticals, surgery Yes
WebMD https://www.webmd.com/ Health Portal Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, infectious arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, bone spurs, gout, systemic lupus Heat/cold, magnets, acupuncture, aromatherapy, biofeedback, deep breathing, exercise, massage, meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, tai chi, herbals, topical creams, gels, patches, visualization, yoga, supplements, chiropractic Pharmaceuticals, injections, surgery Yes
Zanjabee http://www.zanjabee.com/ Professional Osteoarthritis Diet, exercise, relaxation techniques, heat/cold, acupuncture, massage, supplements, herbs, Ayurveda Pharmaceuticals, injections, joint replacement/surgery No