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Table 2 Demographics of patients with SpA across Latin America

From: Prevalence, demographics, and clinical characteristics of Latin American patients with spondyloarthritis

Country Study Patients with SpA (n) Male (%) Age (y) Race (%) Family history of SpA (%) Diagnosis (%) Age at disease onset (y) Disease duration (y)
AS PsA uSpA ReA IBD-SpA
Argentina Marengo et al., 2008 [17] 61 90.2 43* n/r n/r 100 0 0 0 0 n/r n/r
Bellomio et al., 2008 [18] 405 59 48.1 71 (W)
23 (WI)
16.4 30.3 46.7 12.4 6.3 0.7 38.4 9.7a
Buschiazzo et al., 2011 [19] 402 59 48.3* 70.8 (W)
22.8 (WI)
16.8 21.4 60.2 8.2 6.2 2.5 n/r 8*
Soriano et al., 2011 [20] 65 63.1 n/r 92–96 (W)b
2–4 (Asian)b
n/r 0 100 0 0 0 40.3 8.5
Schneeberger et al., 2015 [21] 73 49.3 49* n/r n/r 0 100 0 0 0 43* 6*
Sommerfleck et al., 2018a [22] 86 80 46* n/r n/r n/r c n/r c n/r c n/r c n/r c n/r 19*
Sommerfleck et al., 2018b [23] 50 80 47* n/r n/r 70 28 0 0 0 n/r 13*
Scarafia et al., 2016 (CA) [24] 92 46.7 47.7 n/r n/r 0 100 0 0 0 n/r 3
Capelusnik et al., 2018 (CA) [25] 231 75.3 46* n/r n/r n/r c n/r c n/r c n/r c n/r c n/r c 20.5*
Brazil Sampaio-Barros et al., 2008 [26] 1036 73.6 43.7 59.5 (W)
25.9 (AB)
16.2 72.3 13.7 6.3 3.6 1.0 31 12.7a
Skare et al., 2012a [27] 1318 71.9 n/r 65.0 (W)
31.3 (AB)
15.9 65.1 18.3 6.8 3.5 3.5 n/r 14.2
Skare et al., 2012b [28] 1424 75.9 (< 40 y)
60.6 (≥40 y)
n/r n/r 19.2 (< 40 y)
13.1 (≥40 y)
66.3 18 6.7 5.5 3.5 28.6 n/r
Rodrigues et al., 2012 [29] 1472 n/r n/r n/r n/r 65.4 18.4 6.7 3.3 3.3 n/r n/r
Duarte et al., 2014 [30] 1189 70.6 44.5 57.7 (W)
42.3 (NW)
n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r
Ribeiro et al., 2018 [31] 202 64.2 48.6 62.4 (W)
37.6 (NW)
19.3 71.3d 28.7d 0 0 0 n/r 17.2
Simioni et al., (2019) [32] 85 64.7% 49.3* 76.4% (W)
23.5% (AB)
n/r 61.1 21.1 5.8 1.1 0 n/r 14*
Henrique et al., 2018 (CA) [33] 82 50 56 n/r n/r 0 100 0 0 0 n/r 9.4
Chile Gutiérrez et al., 2008 [34] 109 58.4 42 16.8 (W)
64.6 (WI)
13.3 58.7 25.6 7.3 0.9 5.5 35.3 7.1
Ibáñez et al., 2019 (CA) [35] 472 36.7 42 n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r
Colombia Valle-Onate et al., 2011 [36] 279 69.9 n/r n/r n/r 34.4 3.6 39.1 18.3 0.4 n/r n/r
Bautista-Molano et al., 2016 [37] 581 71.7 35 n/r 5.3 29.1 3.6 39.6 26.9 0.9 28 7.3
Santos et al., 2017 [38] 189 63.8 35.9 n/r n/r 46.0 0 35.5 18.5 0 n/r n/r
Costa Rica Sáenz Castro et al., 2008 [39] 33 57.6 41.3 21.2 (W)
66.7 (WI)
12.2 45.5 6.1 45.5 0 0 34.5 6.8a
Mexico Casasola-Vargas et al., 2008 [40] 172 59.3 38.1 18.5 (W)
76.3 (WI)
18.6 34.9 8.7 11.6 1.7 1.2 28.0 10.1a
Peláez-Ballestas et al., 2013 [12] 28 50 40.7 n/r 21.4 n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r
Peru Chávez-Corrales et al., 2008 [41] 60 65 40.3 3.3 (W)
93.3 (WI)
18.6 53 6.7 13.3 1.7 0 30.6 9.7a
Uruguay Palleiro and Spangenberg, 2008 [42] 53 66.0 41.2 86.8 (W)
11.3 (MR)
13.2 53 17 19 0 4 31.0 10.2a
Venezuela Chacón et al., 2008 [43] 69 62.3 40.9 31.9 (W)
39.1 (MR)
27.5 55.1 21.7 11.6 0 4.3 29.4 11.5a
Multinational García-Kutzbach et al., 2011 [44] 233 46 47.5* n/r n/r 10 9 33 47.2 0.8 n/r n/r
Benegas et al., 2012 [45] 1083 75 43 n/r n/r 100 0 0 0 0 28 n/r
Bautista-Molano et al., 2018 [46] 390 64 45 n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r n/r 7.0
  1. Continuous values are mean unless indicated (*) as median
  2. References are articles unless indicated as conference abstracts (CA)
  3. aInformation not available in original RESPONDIA publication; data taken from Gallinaro et al., 2010 [5].
  4. bData for the 2 regional populations (Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, membership of the Hospital Italiano Medical Care Program) were presented separately.
  5. cPatients were described as having axial spondyloarthritis.
  6. dPatients were classified as having either axial SpA which was predominantly AS, or peripheral SpA which was predominantly PsA.
  7. AB African-Brazilian (could include MR), AS ankylosing spondylitis, CA conference abstract, I Indigenous, n number of patients with specified condition, MR mixed race (white-black), n/r not reported, NW non-white, O Other; PsA psoriatic arthritis, ReA reactive arthritis, SpA spondyloarthritis, T total population, uSpA undifferentiated spondyloarthritis, W White, WI White-Indigenous, y years