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Table 3 Demographic data, sexual function, gynecological evaluation, Pap smears, genital infections and HPV vaccination and disease parameters in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients with abnormal and normal cervical cytology

From: Lower genital tract infections in young female juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients

VariablesAbnormal cervical cytology (n = 8)Normal cervical cytology (n = 25)p
Demographic data
 Current age, years26.2 ± 6.323.5 ± 6.30.730
 Disease duration, years13.5 ± 6.615.9 ± 7.50.427
 Caucasian4 (50)16 (64)0.681
 Upper middle and lower middle SE class8 (100)24 (96)1.000
Sexual function and gynecological evaluation
 Vaginal discharge4 (50)6 (24)0.205
 Sexual activity7 (87)18 (72)0.649
 First sexual activity age, years19.5 (15–22)17 (14–30)0.779
 Sexual intercourse in last month4 (50)15 (60)0.695
 Sexual intercourse in last month, number1 (0–12)2.5 (0–15)0.85
 Sexual intercourse in last year6 (75)17 (68)1.000
 Sexual intercourse in last year, number12 (0–144)20 (0–180)0.813
 Sexual partner in last month, number1 (0–1)1 (0–1)0.849
 Sexual partner in last year, number1 (0–1)1 (0–2)0.776
Urogenital infections
Gardnerella vaginalis1 (12)3 (12)1.000
Candida sp.0 (0)0 (0)1.000
Trichomonas vaginallis0 (0)0 (0)1.000
Hybrid capture detection
Chlamydia trachomatis0 (0)0 (0)1.000
Neisseria gonorrhoeae0 (0)0 (0)1.000
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)7 (87)3 (12)0.0002
Previous quadrivalent HPV vaccination0 (0)2 (8)1.000
JIA clinical and laboratory parameters
 JADAS 71 (0–101)02 (0–5)NA
 DAS28 (0–7)4.5 (1.36–2.66)5.0 (1.05–5.21)0.674
 Number of active joints0 (0–3)1 (0–12)0.514
 Number of limited joints1.5 (0–43)5 (0–39)0.425
 Patient global VAS (0–10)1.5 (0–8)2 (0–9)0.705
 Physician global VAS (0–10)0 (0–2)1 (0–5)0.344
 ESR, mm/1st hour12.8 ± 5.49.7 ± 6.90.268
 CRP, mg/L3.7 (0.4–77)1.8 (0.2–14)0.257
  1. Values expressed as n (%), median (minimum - maximum value) or mean ± standard deviation
  2. SE socio-economic, JADAS71 Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score, DAS28 Disease Activity Score 28-Joint Counts, NA not applicable, VAS visual analog scale, CRP C-reactive protein (normal range method: < 5 mg/L), ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate