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Table 2 Demographic data, sexual function, gynecological evaluation, Pap smears, genital infections and HPV vaccination in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients and healthy controls

From: Lower genital tract infections in young female juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients

VariablesJIA (n = 33)Controls (n = 28)p
Demographic data
 Current age, years23.3 ± 6.2426.1 ± 6.030.090
 Disease duration, years15 ± 7.3
 Caucasian20 (61)23 (82)0.092
 Upper-middle and lower-middle SE classes32 (97)23 (79)0.085
Sexual function and gynecological evaluation
 Vaginal discharge10 (30)5 (18)0.378
 Sexual intercourse25 (76)25 (89)0.201
 First sexual activity age, years18 (14–30)17 (10–24)0.196
 Sexual intercourse in last month19 (57)19 (68)0.439
 Sexual intercourse in last month, number2 (0–15)4 (0–30)0.231
 Sexual intercourse in last year23 (70)21 (75)0.767
 Sexual intercourse in last year, number20 (0–180)48 (0–360)0.167
 Sexual partner in last month, number1 (0–1)1 (0–2)0.148
 Sexual partner in last year, number1 (0–2)1 (0–5)0.184
Pap smears and genital infections
 Abnormal cervical cytology8 (24)3 (11)0.201
  Inflammation25 (76)25 (89)0.201
  ASCUS3 (9)0 (0)0.243
  LSIL5 (15)3 (11)0.715
  HSIL0 (0)0 (0)1.000
  Gardnerella vaginalis4 (12)1 (4)0.367
  Candida sp.0 (0)1 (4)0.459
  Trichomonas vaginallis0 (0)0 (0)1.000
 Hybrid capture detection   
  Chlamydia trachomatis0 (0)2 (7)0.207
  Neisseria gonorrhoeae0 (0)1 (4)0.459
  Human papillomavirus (HPV)10 (30)3 (11)0.115
 Previous quadrivalent HPV vaccination2 (6)6 (21)0.127
  1. Values expressed as n (%), median (minimum - maximum value) or mean ± standard deviation
  2. SE socio-economic, ASCUS atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, LSIL low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, HSIL high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion