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Table 2 Anthropometric data, food consumption and lifestyle characteristics of the participants

From: Lack of association between dietary inflammatory index and low impact fractures in the Brazilian population: the Brazilian Osteoporosis Study (BRAZOS)

Characteristic Total (n = 2269) Males (n = 684) Females (n = 1585) P value
Mean or n SD % Mean or n SD % Mean or n SD %
Weight (kg) 67.30 14.50 73.40 14.69 64.64 13.67 < 0.001
Height (m) 1.59 0.10 1.66 0.07 1.56 0.09 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2)           0.01
 Underweight (< 18.5) 69 3.0 18 2.7 51 3.3  
 Normal weight (18.5–25) 889 39.2 251 37.4 638 41.1  
 Overweight (25–30) 821 36.2 282 42.0 539 34.7  
 Obesity (≥30) 444 19.5 120 17.9 324 20.9  
Energy intake (kcal/d) 1335 578 1590 698 1225 484 < 0.001
Carbohydrates (g) 167.9 39.3 165.1 47.6 169.2 35.0 0.02
Proteins (g) 39.3 22.5 40.0 26.4 39.1 20.7 0.9
Lipids (g) 44.2 13.6 43.8 15.7 44.5 12.6 0.28
Trans fat (g) 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.6 2.1 < 0.001
Saturated fat (g) 13.7 5.9 13.5 6.8 13.9 5.5 0.06
Calcium           < 0.001
 Yes 246 10.8 47 6.9 199 12.6  
 No 2006 88.4 632 92.4 1374 86.7  
 Calcium + Vitamin D 21 0.9 3 0.4 18 1.1 0.11
 Vitamins 12 0.5 4 0.6 8 0.5 0.81
Physical activity*
 PEL 1.58 0.76 1.68 0.80 1.54 0.74 < 0.001
 AFO 2.38 0.62 2.52 0.64 2.32 0.61 < 0.001
 LLA 1.87 0.67 2.06 0.75 1.79 0.62 < 0.001
 TS 5.84 1.69 6.27 1.77 5.65 1.62   < 0.001
  1. SD Standard deviation, BMI Body mass index, *PEL Physical exercises in leisure score, AFO Occupational physical activities, LLA Leisure and locomotion activities, TS Total score overweight was significantly higher in men (p < 0.001)