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Table 2 Comparison of demographic characteristics and disease activity of patients interviewed in Brazil and France

From: The effects of cultural background on patient-perceived impact of psoriatic arthritis - a qualitative study conducted in Brazil and France

  Brazil (N = 15) France (N = 13)
Age (in years), Mean ± SD, range 51 ± 11, 28–70 54 ± 17, 19–81
Female sex N (%) 8 (53.3) 6 (46.1)
Mean PsA duration since diagnosis (in years) ± SD, range 11.4 ± 10.0, 10 months to 33 years 9.5 ± 6.7, 3 months to 20 years
Mean PsA duration since beginning of symptoms (in years) ± SD, range 16.5 ± 12.5, 8 months to 47 years 14.4 ± 8.4, 1 to 29 years
Educational level: patients with higher education (university level) N (%) 0 (0.0) 5 (38.5)
Currently exerting professional activity N (%) 7 (46.6) 4 (30.8)
Current or previous use of biological therapy N (%) 5 (33.3) 3 (23.0)
Current BSA involved by psoriasis > 10% N (%) 3 (20.0) 0 (0.0)
Patients with joint deformities N (%) 8 (53.3) 4 (30.7)
Patient global VAS (0-100 mm) Mean ± SD, range 54 ± 27, 7–92 40 ± 26, 0–86
Patient skin VAS (0-100 mm) Mean ± SD, range 34 ± 26, 0–84 16 ± 17, 0–58
Patient pain VAS (0-100 mm) Mean ± SD, range 55 ± 27, 3–82 37 ± 25, 0–87
Disability measures by HAQ   
Mild (HAQ 0–1) N (%) 4 (26.7) 10 (76.9)
Moderate (HAQ > 1–2) N (%) 7 (46.4) 3 (23.0)
Severe (HAQ > 2–3) N (%) 4 (26.7) 0 (0.0)
  1. SD Standard deviation, N Number, PsA Psoriatic arthritis, BSA Body surface area, VAS Visual analogue scale, HAQ Health assessment questionnaire