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Table 1 Demographic and anthropometric data, body composition, laboratorial findings and periodontal evaluation in juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) patients and healthy controls

From: Juvenile dermatomyositis: is periodontal disease associated with dyslipidemia?

Variables JDM patients (n = 25) Controls (n = 25) p
Demographic data
 Current age, years 11.5 ± 3.75 11.2 ± 2.58 0.703
 Female gender 14 (56) 13 (52) 0.500
Anthropometric data
 BMI, kg/m2 19.1 (12.7–30) 17.1 (14.4–27.5) 0.954
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 90 (80–118) 90 (80–110) 0.099
 Dyastolic blood pressure, mmHg 60 (50–85) 60 (45–70) 0.211
Body composition
 Fat percentage 27.5 (10.9–45.4) 22.5 (10.2–42.3) 0.230
 Fat mass, kg 10.7 (2.9–27.1) 6.7 (2.8–30.5) 0.274
 Lean mass, kg 24.8 ± 6.4 25.4 ± 7.6 0.599
Lipid profile
 Dyslipidemia 17 (68) 10 (40) 0.087
 Total cholesterol 151 (102–227) 151 (121–207) 0.941
  ≥ 170 mg/dL 8 (32) 4 (16) 0.320
 HDL, mg/dL 44 (0–72) 50 (30–65) 0.117
  ≤ 45 mg/dL 10 (40) 7 (28) 0.550
 LDL, mg/dL 87 (56–148) 91 (54–140) 0.675
  ≥ 130 mg/dL 1(4) 2(8) 1.000
 VLDL, mg/dL 16 (6–68) 13 (4–36) 0.020
 Triglycerides, mg/dL 80 (31–340) 61 (19–182) 0.011
  ≥ 130 mg/dL 5 (20) 1 (4) 0.189
Anti-LPL antibody 1 (4) 0 1.000
Periodontal assessment
 Gingival vasculopathy pattern 15 (60) 0 (0) 0.0001
 DMF-T 2 (0–5) 2 (0–3) 0.862
 PI, % 90.6 (25–100) 71.5 (19.8–100) 0.051
 GBI, % 24.1 (4.2–69.4) 11.1 (0–66.6) 0.001
 PPD, mm 1.7 (0.6–2.4) 1.4 (0–2.12) 0.006
 CEJ, mm −0.1 (−0.8–0) −0.1 (−0.9–0) 0.570
 CAL, mm 1.25 (0.7–1.7) 1 (0.6–1.7) 0.071
  1. Values expressed in mean ± SD, median (range) and n (%); BMI (body mass index), HDL (high density lipoprotein), LDL (low density lipoprotein), VLDL (very low density), anti-LPL (anti-lipoprotein lipase antibody), DMF-T (decayed, missing and filled tooth index), PI (plaque index), GBI (gingival bleeding index), PPD (probing pocket depth), CEJ (cementoenamel juntion), CAL (clinical attachment level)