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Table 4 Beliefs of people living with rheumatoid arthritis reported in the analyzed articles

From: Fears and beliefs of people living with rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic literature review

Beliefs and their consequences Articles
N (% of the 74 articles reporting beliefs)a
Total number of patients Studies recruiting participants in Europe
N (%) / Number of patients recruited in Europe
Studies recruiting participants in North America
N (%) /
Number of patients recruited in North America
Studies recruiting participants outside Europe and North America
N (%) /
Number of patients recruited outside Europe and North America
Beliefs about the RA affecting impact of disease 33 (44.6) 9146    
Emotional impact 14 (18.9) 6404 6 (42.9) / 901 7 (50.0) / 945 1 (7.1)/ 4558
Function 6 (8.1) 715 4 (66.7)/ 370 2 (33.3) / 345
Quality of life 5 (6.8) 1034 4 (80.0) / 623 1 (20.0) / 411
Fatigue 2 (2.7) 186 1 (50.0) / 64 1 (50.0) / 122
Pain 2 (2.7) 299 2 (100.0) / 299
Well being 2 (2.7) 123 2 (100.0) / 123
Disease activity 1 (1.4) 322 1 (100.0) / 322
Sexual life 1 (1.4) 63 1 (100.0) / 63
Beliefs about pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapy affecting adherence 13 (17.6) 2464 10 (77.0) / 1999 2 (15.4) / 325 1 (7.6) / 140
Beliefs about cause of disease affecting coping strategies and adherence 9 (12.1) 961 8 (88.9) / 750 1 (11.1)/ 211
Beliefs affecting decision on therapy 1 (1.4) 142 1 (100.0) / 142
Beliefs affecting detection, tolerance and reporting of side effects 1 (1.4) 29 1 (100.0) / 29
  1. N number; RA rheumatoid arthritis, aSome articles reported more than one category of beliefs